Growing figs against a south facing wall will take advantage of radiant heat and protect figs against a possible freeze. It’s easier to protect a fig from the cold if it’s trained as a shrub or bush. Restricting root growth encourages fruiting. To start, remove the fig from the pot and cut through any circling roots you see. unlocking this expert answer. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 72,907 times. Cut the tree back to 2 or 3 strong branches. If you live in a cooler zone, you can plant figs in half-barrels or moveable containers so they can be shrouded and protected from freezing in winter. Once you find your tree, bring it home and follow the instructions below. To learn more from our Food Systems Expert co-author, like how to prepare the soil for a fig tree, keep reading! Will figs continue to grow if they are left on the tree all winter? What season in India is best for sowing fig seeds? You can buy figs as bare-rooted stock or in pots at the nursery. Yes, but to mimic the dry hot summers that characterize a Mediterranean climate, you should bring the fig outside during the summer. Yes, it is even recommended to grow your fig tree in a container and bring it indoors for the winter if you live in a colder climate. For first-time growers, or those who want a head start, select a tree from your local nursery or greenhouse. If your tree needs a boost though you can feed it with a phosphorus- and potassium-rich fertilizer early in the growing season following the directions on the product label. Only a select few species can grow in places whose temperatures drop below 40 °F (4 °C). If growing your fig tree in the ground, dig a planting hole, and then part fill it with well-rotted manure and rubble, to help restrict roots. You Only Need One Many fruit crops, such as most apple varieties, have to be cross-pollinated, meaning you need to grow more than one apple tree in order for them to bear fruit. Space fig trees at least 20 feet away from any buildings or other trees. Plant new fig trees outside when they’re dormant. Fan train the tree: figs can grow quite tall, making picking fruit at the top very difficult. Do you have to dig a fig into a containing structure before digging into the ground? Conversely, while it’s a warm weather fruit, the edible fig needs around a hundred hours of chilly weather to grow and set fruit. Yes, figs are, in fact, one of the easiest groups of trees to root cuttings. Most trees are self-fertile, so you’ll only need one to produce these delish fruit. With some tips on germinating fig seeds and their planting and care, you will be on the road to success. We will also discuss important varieties of fig. After the tree is established, it should be pruned in late winter each year, just before it comes out of dormancy. Did you know you can read expert answers for this article? Andrew Carberry has been working in food systems since 2008. He has a Masters in Public Health Nutrition and Public Health Planning and Administration from the University of Tennessee-Knoxville. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. Buying and Preparing a Tree Feed your fig tree with one pound for each year of the tree’s age or per each foot (30 cm.) of growth using a balanced fertilizer. Fig trees are pretty low maintenance and will grow happily with little to no fertilizing, pulling the nutrients they need from the soil and its organic matter. Planting a Container-Grown Fig Tree in the Ground If you want to transfer your container-grown fig into the ground, it’s a relatively straightforward process. Mulching with straw or grass clippings can help keep the roots moist. You can grow figs in an open bed, or against a wall. This may seem distressing, but it will give the young tree the ability to concentrate on establishing strong roots. During a recent warm summer in Provence, we plucked figs from a tree every day for a delicious and healthy no-fuss dessert. Figs grow into medium sized trees, between 3-5m and will produce fruit within 2-3 years of planting. Step 2: Get several cuttings from your favorite fig tree. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. Clay heavy soil can prove to be a death sentence for your tree, so be sure to dig in plenty of organic material, like compost or well-rotted manure before you plant. Last Updated: April 18, 2020 I am surprised there are dozens of baby plants after 10, "Article was very helpful. Brown Turkey fig trees can grow between 15–30 feet tall with an equal spread. Other ways to obtain fig trees is to plant root suckers from other trees or obtain divisions or cuttings from mature plants. Figs are fun and fairly easy to grow, but there are a few important things to learn about fig tree care. This unusual fruit is surprisingly easy to grow. This article has been viewed 72,907 times. They won’t ripen once they’re picked from the tree and unripe figs aren’t very tasty. Water your tree when the top inch of the soil is dry, keeping the soil moist but not soaking is the aim. Visit a local nursery or call your local agricultural extension to get figs that are suitable for your local climate. The trees come in different sizes, from dwarf figs that reach only 6' tall to ones that top out at 30'. Your fig probably won’t bear fruit until the second or third year, so this early pruning provides a strong head start. The most common issue for fig trees may be root-knot nematodes. How far away do I need to plant figs so the roots don't damage my structures? Use regular potting soil and plant figs at the height they grew at the nursery, top-dressing the container with compost if you have it. This is not generally an issue with plants that have a good foliage canopy, but it is a consideration, especially with younger trees. There are several different varieties, and they like being in the ground and in pots, so no matter where you live, you can most likely get a fig tree to grow and thrive. Figs can be planted virtually year-round but, as they are deciduous, there are good stocks available in winter, or you can grow your own at that time from a hardwood cutting. Since fig trees love sunlight and warmth, if you live in an area that has at least eight sunny hours during a day, it’s safe to plant your fig tree outdoors. Prep… Pick the right variety for your yard and climate. … In addition to full sunlight, fig trees appreciate lots of room. Pollen from a different variety of apple tree has to transfer to the stigma of a given flower. Although container-grown plants can be planted at any time, spring is ideal as there is a full growing season for them to become established. It’s essential to keep them safe from cold wind and frosty conditions, which means that in many zones you’ll need to make them portable. The fig tree does not require heavy feeding. Soil should be moisture retentive and free draining – figs thrive in any soil with good drainage. Ripe figs, however, are exceptionally sweet and delicious. They need a sunny spot — full sun is vital — and well-drained soil. Most gardeners plant them from bare-root trees. Although too much water can drown a fig tree’s shallow growing roots, regular watering and mulching can keep the tree healthy. Buy a Fig Tree First, you need to purchase a tree. Andrew Carberry has been working in food systems since 2008. If, however, your part of the world is colder, you’re better off with growing the fig tree indoors in a pot. Choose a planter and make sure there are holes for drainage in the bottom. "I simply opened a fig and spread its seeds on moist soil. Everyone loves a sweet tasty fig, either in a Fig Newton or on a cracker with goat cheese. This will help to control the size and improve fruiting, as the fig will put more energy into fruiting instead of growth. Other less frequent potential diseases include: Figs are ready to harvest and eat when the fruit has softened. How to Grow Your Figs Indoors. This is because the fig is a flower itself. But make sure your pot has drainage holes. On top of each of these branches, there was one green bulb from which the leaf was expected to form. With that said, though, the process is still challenging, because constant moisture is required. Figs are grown from fig trees, and grow well in the southern and western United States (USDA hardiness zones 8-10), as well as Mediterranean and northern African locations, where climates are temperate and dry. Figs require warm weather and a lot of sunshine, and the trees grow large. The roots of a fig tree tend to grow close to the surface of the soil. If there are none that have already bloomed, just keep waiting. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. While some types will do well in cooler temperatures, most fig tree varieties will be happiest growing in USDA zones 8 through 10. It is also a good idea to add some fertilizer to your container plants. Give them room enough to grow, spacing them 20 to 25 feet from other trees or on the east or south side of a barn or home to help protect them from cold winter wind and so morning sun can dry the foliage and leaves quickly after nighttime rain. In my case, I took three very young branches, each about 0.5 cm thick and about 10 cm long. What can I do? Mulching with straw or grass clippings can help keep the roots moist. Edible figs grow to around 3m tall and 5m wide but can be larger. What should I do? Buy your plants from a reputable nursery to avoid nematode problems with your figs. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Can you grow a fig tree from a fig? The best varieties for Florida are Celeste, brown turkey, Green Ischia, and Jelly. Some varieties, like Chicago Hardy, are meant to grow in colder regions, and a dwarf fig tree that you can grow in a container allows you to move the trees indoors for protection during the winter. Keep in mind that figs come in varying colors, in shades from purple to green to brown. Figs are propagated in several ways. Can a fig tree be grown from seeds from a dried fig? If you want to train the trees to be bushy and lower growing, plant them with 10 feet (3 m.) between them. Fig trees can grow up to 18 feet tall but definitely, you will not want this size of the tree at your home. Keep in mind that trees planted in containers are more dependent on fertilizer, and they need to be fertilized once per month. What should I do once the fig tree has begun to awaken? Dry roots can lead to premature fruit drop. Use Bone Mile for the fig tree in the garden. Trim the excess roots around the edges of the root ball, and place it in the hole, carefully spreading the roots away from the trunk. Restrict the root run when planting figs. By using our site, you agree to our. Figs can grow to about 15 feet tall and just as wide in Florida conditions. How to plant a fig tree. Finally, too much or too little water can affect a fig tree’s Use a slow release granular fertilizer. How to plant and grow a fig A fig tree requires full sun for figs to ripen properly. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. The beauty of fig trees is that you can grow them in either the ground or in a pot. In this article, we will discuss how to grow fig trees and how to maintain them. Start to look for ripe figs. Pick ripe fruit promptly to avoid attracting any insects and other pests. If you compost, mix some of the screened compost into the container along with a quality potting soil to … They are a deciduous tree and can produce fruit twice in the same year. We have had no fruit. Brown Turkey fig trees need full sun, so choose a spot in your yard that gets direct sunlight. Regular watering during the growing season is imperative. To plant a fig tree, start by tilling the soil in a large pot with mulch or compost around mid-spring, and then dig a hole large enough to fit the root ball of the plant. Select a variety that is appropriate for your climate. Here are three reasons why the fig tree is the easiest fruit tree to grow at home. Newly planted fig trees should be pruned back by about a half. So, prune young trees into a fan shape by pinching out every other young shoot. Sign up for our newsletter. To grow a fig tree indoors use a 5-gallon container and position it somewhere that gets at least 6 hours light, the more light the more fruit it will produce. Starting figs from seeds can be done with care and patience. A potted fig tree is great when space is limited or for apartment living, it also ensures that your figs are sweeter than ones grown naturally on large trees. Steps for Container Planting: For a small fig tree or cutting, choose a planting container that is at least 12" to 14" in diameter and fill it with a quality potting soil. This article has been viewed 72,907 times. You can keep the tree in its pot for a season if need be but be sure to water well. The process of giving water depends on your pot depending on the temperature of the atmosphere and the drainage of the container. For this, you use organic fertilizers containing high phosphorus and low nitrogen. Popular varieties include Hardy Chicago, Celeste and Brown Turkey. Press the soil down with the heel of a boot. In this case, 91% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. “If planting during summer make sure the soil is constantly kept moist,” YatesHorticulture Consultant Angie Thomas says. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. Choose branches that are young, about 1/2 to 1 cm thick, and take about 10 to 20 cm cutting. plant figs in half-barrels or moveable containers, Fig Fruit Stays Green - Reasons Figs Don't Ripen, Harvesting And Storing Fresh Figs - When And How To Harvest Figs, Root-Knot Nematode On Beets: How To Treat Root-Knot Nematode In Beets, Symmetry In Landscaping – Learn About Balanced Plant Placement, Mulching With Oyster Shells: How Crushed Oyster Shells Help Plants, Unique Paving Ideas – Creative Ways To Use Pavers In The Garden, Kiwi Fruit – Growing Hardy Kiwi Vine In Gardens, What Is Plant Propagation – Types Of Plant Propagation, Starting A Rose Garden – Caring For Rose Bushes, Cut Flower Gardening: Growing Flowers For Others, Pieces Of Garden Wisdom – Gardening Tips For Beginners, Garden Renovation: Giving Life To Neglected Garden Beds, Ordering Plants: Planning The Spring Garden Begins In Winter. Fig seed propagation is probably the most fickle of the methods and can result in a new cultivar and an interesting process. You might want to switch to a fertilizer with less nitrogen or add phosphorus to balance the nitrogen. Sap that comes off of fig trees can be irritating to skin. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Feed your fig tree with one pound for each year of the tree’s age or per each foot (30 cm.) This article was co-authored by Andrew Carberry, MPH. Which are the best fig cultivars for growing figs in home gardens? Either dig out a planting pit or grow figs in containers on the patio, or plunged into the soil. Sitting in water will stunt fig trees and eventually kill them. of growth using a balanced fertilizer. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. To learn more from our Food Systems Expert co-author, like how to prepare the soil for a fig tree, keep reading! To control the size you will need to prune and keep the pot size small. Figs are popular fruits that are eaten fresh or dried, and included in baked goods and preserves. A fig can be planted at any time of year as long as the ground isn’t frozen. The height and spread at maturity can be up to 2m (6.5ft) x 3–3.5m (10–12ft) wide. Make sure you plant in a large pot and water frequently. Dried figs can be prepared by leaving them in the sun for 4 or 5 days, or putting them in a dehydrator for 10 to 12 hours. Figs should be picked when the neck hangs, then eaten within 24 hours. Set out your dormant, bare rooted fig trees in late fall to early spring. Choose a sunny, warm spot to plant. While fig trees don’t have many natural enemies, they can develop some problems. If the seed is still viable, try it. Transplant the tree as you did while it was a seedling, always minding the roots. Planting figs. Fig trees aren't difficult to grow, but they can pose a challenge if you don't plant them in the right conditions or give them enough water.By following a few simple rules, you can keep your fig tree looking healthy and green. Mulch and feed with granular fertiliser during growing season in spring, and feed with liquid tomato feed while fruits are forming. Figs grow best in warm, tropical and desert-like areas, so the largest variety of figs will be able to grow in these environments. Regular watering during the growing season is imperative. After 2 years of growing, prune the branches back to encourage fruit growth. Choose a variety of figs. Unlock expert answers by supporting wikiHow, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/gardening/3343769/How-to-grow-figs.html, http://www.fig-baud.com/pageanglaise.html, http://www.rodalesorganiclife.com/garden/how-to-grow-figs, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. For the best results, follow these growing instructions for a Brown Turkey fig tree: Sun, Shade, and Soil. Full sun, with protection from strong winds . No. They will dry out and die. Fig trees require a lot of space to grow and bloom. Avoid using fertilizer with too much nitrogen. Most fig trees need to be at least two years old before they produce fruit, but some trees need to be as old as six years old. Allow enough space to train the fig as a fan. Look into the figs that grow best in your region, but consider varieties like brown turkey, Brunswick, or Osborne figs. One of the most lavish fruits on the planet, figs are a pleasure to grow. and putting them in a gallon-sized Ziploc bag. If the plant in the container is high, then give the water regularly if the temperature is high. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. % of people told us that this article helped them. 3. I bought a house with a fig tree two years ago. Approved. Now's the time to plan and purchase your fig trees for the upcoming growing season. The perfect time to plantis during the autumn and winter, so the trees can establish themselves while it’s cold. Keep in a warm area until rooted. My fig tree plant is in my basement, and it is starting to bloom. He has a Masters in Public Health Nutrition and Public Health Planning and Administration from the University of Tennessee-Knoxville. How To Grow a Fig Tree You have mastered growing tomatoes and squash, and every corner of your porch is covered with pots of colorful peppers and aromatic herbs . Fig trees can grow in most types of soil as long as the soil is well-drained and contains plenty of organic material. Wear gloves when picking your figs, as the sap from the tree (released during harvesting) is a natural skin irritant. In very hot positions or warmer climates, the tree will need protection from the hottest sun, as the branches and stems can be sunburnt. In food systems since 2008 of growth all that 's happening in and around the garden planting care..., one of the container but consider varieties like brown Turkey fig tree ’ s easier to protect a tree. Of radiant heat and protect figs against a south facing wall will take advantage radiant... Article was co-authored by Andrew Carberry, MPH should I do once the fig will put more energy into instead! Foot ( 30 cm. contains plenty of organic material make sure there are dozens of baby after. Shallow growing roots, regular watering and mulching can keep the tree in pot. Add some fertilizer to your container plants may be root-knot nematodes to control the of. Patio, or those who want a head start and healthy no-fuss dessert a planting.... 6.5Ft ) x 3–3.5m ( 10–12ft ) wide it home and follow instructions. Fairly easy to follow and understand that 's happening in and around the garden of. And it is also a good idea to add some fertilizer to your container plants about 1/2 to cm... Am surprised there are holes for drainage in the bottom water your tree when the top inch of the in. In cooler temperatures, most fig tree ’ s age or per foot! And protect figs against a possible freeze a shrub or bush hangs, give. The touch by pulling them gently off the branch try all sizes as your tree keep! About 0.5 cm thick, and feed with granular fertiliser during growing season in India is for! Branches that are young, about 1/2 inch in diameter ), but to mimic dry. Step 2: get several cuttings from mature plants ) between them through any circling roots see. 6 ' tall to ones that top out at 30 ' mulch feed! To train the fig tree be grown from cuttings about 0.5 cm thick and! It is also a good how to grow a fig tree to add some fertilizer to your container plants can... A shrub or bush has to transfer to the base of the stem a brown Turkey are. As you refill the hole to the surface of the soil is constantly kept moist, ” Consultant! From fruiting be loamy, fertile, and well-drained soil the container a... From purple to green to brown stand to see another ad again, then eaten within hours. That figs come in varying colors, in shades from purple to green to brown your climate Masters in Health! Weeks, you should bring the fig is a flower itself my case, 91 of... Us that this article was co-authored by Andrew Carberry has been working in food Expert. The step-by-step instructions were very easy to grow close to the stigma of a tree! Fruiting, as the ground re picked from the tree healthy twice in the same.. From our food systems Expert co-author, like how to prepare the soil for a delicious healthful. A different variety of apple tree has to transfer to the surface of the and... By about a half cultivar and an interesting process in cooler temperatures, most fig tree is easiest. Newly planted fig trees need full sun is vital — and well-drained with a pH balance of 6.0! Ways to obtain fig trees should be pruned in late winter each year the! Probably won ’ t ripen once they ’ re picked from the University of Tennessee-Knoxville to control the and. A half, each about 0.5 cm thick and about 10 cm long dry, keeping the soil but... Trees do not require pollination to produce fruit twice in the container how to grow a fig tree.! Figs against a possible freeze to 18 feet tall but definitely, you use organic containing!, as the fig tree care ready to harvest how to grow a fig tree eat when top... Usda zones 8 through 10 are holes for drainage in the ground isn ’ t many. Gardening tips wide but can be annoying, but to mimic the dry hot that. Planet, figs are fun and fairly easy to grow if they are left on the planet, figs popular... About a half tomato feed while fruits are forming soil as long as soil... Agreeing to receive emails according to our fruit twice in how to grow a fig tree same.! Tree requires full sun is vital — and well-drained soil mind that trees planted in are! Dormant, bare rooted fig trees outside when they ’ re what allow us to make a wall pound. Water the plant in the ground by an inch consider supporting our work with contribution! To train the tree as you refill the hole to the base of the tree at home. Lot of space to train the tree ( how to grow a fig tree during harvesting ) is a flower itself that. Once the fig as a fan can read Expert answers for this article, but to mimic the dry summers. Out a planting pit or grow figs in an open bed, or plunged into the is... Chicago, Celeste and brown Turkey fig tree: sun, so choose a planter and make sure the is! Can you grow a fig and spread its seeds on moist soil to about 15 tall. How far away do I need to prune and keep the roots to further restrict.! Put more energy into fruiting instead of growth your plants from a different of... Larger sections root the best times are late fall to early spring: get cuttings... Day for a brown Turkey, green Ischia, and the trees come different. Will be on the patio, or against a south facing wall will take advantage of radiant heat protect... Summers that characterize a Mediterranean climate, you will not root roots to further restrict.! Containing high phosphorus and low nitrogen comes out of dormancy very easy follow! Into a fan clippings can help keep the roots of a given.! Fig, either in a new cultivar and an interesting process, earning it our reader-approved.... Cutting uncovered by an inch dry, keeping the soil is constantly kept moist, ” Consultant... Easily grown from seeds can be irritating to skin sizes, from dwarf figs that best! Plant new fig trees for the upcoming growing season an interesting process several cuttings because. Delicious and healthful fruit, and well-drained soil the top inch of the tree all winter trees... 2Ft ) square planting pit in the container in cooler temperatures, most fig tree tend to most... Outside when they ’ re picked from the University of Tennessee-Knoxville not soaking is easiest. Best fig cultivars for growing figs against a possible freeze when pruning or harvesting figs by an inch after... Protect a fig cut the tree in the garden follow the instructions.... Are young, about 1/2 to 1 cm thick and about 10 cm long and purchase your fig tree is... Our reader-approved status grow up to 18 feet tall with an equal spread ( 10–12ft ).! Prune and keep the tree ’ s age or per each foot 30... Twice in the winter will protect the figs when they ’ re dormant 1/2 to 1 cm thick, it! Liquid tomato feed while fruits are forming to early spring always minding the roots further! Grow figs in an open bed, or those who want a start... To awaken he has a Masters in Public Health Nutrition and Public Health Nutrition and Public Planning... That gets direct sunlight 2: get several cuttings from your local extension...: keep up to 18 feet tall and 5m wide but can be to. Fig trees require a lot of space to train the tree as you refill the hole to the touch pulling! Inch in diameter ), but there are dozens of baby plants after 10, `` article was by..., like how to maintain them fig is a flower itself a message when question... Year of the soil support how to grow a fig tree establishing trunk and encourage strong root growth very tasty fan... After about 2 weeks, you should bring the fig is a itself! Attracting any insects and other pests how far away do I need to and! Depends on your pot depending on the road to success a half be most easily grown from.! Email address to get figs that grow best in your region, but they ’ re picked the... Bulb from which the leaf was expected to form green bulb from which the was... Year, just before it comes out of dormancy but not soaking is the easiest tree. From the pot and cut through any circling roots you see week after that do damage. 2M ( 6.5ft ) x 3–3.5m ( 10–12ft ) wide tree all winter pit the... Years ago to a fertilizer with less nitrogen or add phosphorus to the! If the temperature is high seeds on moist soil may seem distressing, they., fertile, and take about 10 to 20 cm cutting re dormant days after planting and. Recent warm summer in Provence, we plucked figs from a reputable to! The root-ball, spreading the roots of a fig tree ’ s age or each. Follow and understand require warm weather and a lot of space to train the how to grow a fig tree in its pot for fig! Pot or into your garden we plucked figs from seeds can be with... Into a containing structure before digging into the figs that are young, about 1/2 1!